Company Milestones



1994 – LPPF received small-scale funding from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory for fusion propulsion experiments with the DPF. Experiments performed in cooperation with University of Illinois confirmed some key aspects of LPPF’s theory.


2001 – Lerner and a small team of physicists at Texas A&M University demonstrated temperatures above one billion degrees C in a plasma focus device, high enough for hydrogen-boron reactions. Funding was provided by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.


2003 – LPPF is incorporated as Lawrenceville Plasma Physics, Inc.


2008 – LPPF received $1.2 million in investments by private investors and The Abell Foundation. This provided the capital needed to initiate Phase I construction and hiring of the research team.


2009 – LPPF received US Patent #7,482,607, securing intellectual property protection on the magnetic field effect, injection of angular momentum, and the X-ray capture device ideas. LPPF secured office and laboratory space in Middlesex, NJ, hired the research team, and completed construction of one of the two most powerful DPFs in North America.


2012 – Published Physics of Plasma article explaining our world-record temperatures of 1.8 billion degrees C.


2013 – LPPF identified impurities as the main obstacle to increased densities and started work on tungsten electrodes to overcome the impurity problem. Report by Dr. Robert Hirsch and others recommend increased funding for LPPF approach.


2014 – Raised $180k via crowdfunding for beryllium electrodes – demonstrating public interest and support for the project.


2016 – Pure tungsten electrodes of improved design were integrated into FF-1 achieving 50% increase in fusion yield and world record ion energy for any fusion device.


2017 – Beryllium electrodes received. Collaboration started with UC San Diego Center for Energy Research.


Milestones ahead (years are rough estimates)


2018 – Start of experiments with beryllium electrodes


2018 – Start of experiments with hydrogen-boron fuel


2019 – Demonstrations of more energy out of the device than is put in


2022 – First prototype 5 MW generator