Category Archives: Aneutronic and DPF

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New Anode Starts Manufacture

In a second step in our upgrade, LPPFusion has placed an order for the machining of the base of our new beryllium anode. We have also received a cylinder of beryllium that will be used for the shaft of the anode, so we now have all the beryllium metal that we need for machining. The…

Beryllium for New Anodes on Order

Beryllium Cathode Attached to the Support Structure

In a major step towards new experiments, LPPFusion placed an order June 25 for the beryllium needed for our new anodes. Materion, the US supplier of beryllium, has promised to produce the material by Aug. 7. The cylinder of beryllium will be enough to produce three anodes, although initially we will be ordering just one….

Plasma Simulation Advances


Another simulation LPPFusion is working on is modeling the early stages of the current sheath within the plasma. This original simulation software is being developed by LPPFusion Simulations Researcher Dr. Warwick Dumas. It differs from the most common plasma simulations, called MHD, in accurately distinguishing the way electrons and ions behave when they are moving…

Major Software Upgrades Aid Thermal, Mechanical Simulations


Our CIO, Ivy Karamitsos, carried out a major IT upgrade thanks to the Wefunder crowdfunding investments that we gained this March. The upgrade cost just under $40K, but it was a long overdue investment into our infrastructure as we needed improved in-house capabilities for our engineering drawing software and simulation productions. We also purchased SolidWorks…

ICCD Video Reveals Shocks


A full sequence of images of the current sheath of LPPFusion’s FF-2B experimental device shows that a shock wave is the most likely proximate cause of the disruption of filaments that has limited fusion energy yield. Our rapidly-advancing effort to provide new switches for FF-2B provides a path to eliminating the oscillations that cause these…

Beryllium Decreases Electrode Erosion


While the cracks were bad news, our inspection of the beryllium anode also brought good news. The erosion of the electrode near the insulator has markedly decreased with the beryllium electrode as compared with our previous tungsten electrode. This erosion and roughening, seen clearly in Figure 3a of our last tungsten anode caused an asymmetric…

Anode Cracks; Another Design on The Way


Just as the LPPFusion research team was about to resume firing in March, we discovered that FF-2B’s anode was cracked. We’ve used the shutdown time, necessitated by both the crack and the coronavirus, to complete the design of our new switches, and to redesign the anode. We’re aiming to resume firing with these crucial new…

FF-2B Recovers from Minor Accident

Be with Vacuum Chamber

While we would love to cheer our readers with some exciting news form the lab, this past month we have been held up by a minor accident and our (mostly successful) efforts to recover from it. On Jan. 20, at 4:00 AM, on a holiday, our lab suffered a brief power outage. Although all our…

Our Plan to Get to Net…Energy

Focus Fusion Generator – CAD Drawing

During the Wefunder campaign, people have asked us: how can we expect to go rapidly from where we are to net energy—when we get more energy out of the device than we put in? We gave them an explanation. Since many people have told us how useful this information is, we are featuring it in…

Images Catch FF-2B in Action

These new images from inside our Focus-Fusion-2B experimental device show the development of the filaments of current (bright thin parallel lines) in the early stages of each pulse. The filaments are a crucial step in compressing and heating the plasma to get fusion reactions. The images, taken with our ICCD camera using an exposure time…