International Focus Fusion Research
There are now four groups in the world working on hydrogen-boron reactions using the plasma focus device, what we call Focus Fusion. In addition to LPPFusion which is carrying out theoretical studies of pB11 and engaging in experimental and simulation work that is preparing for pB11 research, two other groups are doing theoretical work. The first, at the Amirkabir University in Tehran, Iran published a paper in May, 2012, in the Journal of Fusion Energy by S. Abolhasani, M. Habibi, and R. Amrollahi, “Analytical Study of Quantum Magnetic and Ion Viscous Effects on p11B Fusion in Plasma Focus Devices”. The paper studied in greater detail the “quantum magnetic field effect” LPPF researchers had first reported about in 2003. The Iranian paper for the first time independently confirmed LPPF’s calculations showing that ignition and net energy gain can be achieved with pB11 (hydrogen-boron) fuel, the key to obtaining aneutronic fusion energy. “According to the results of this paper,” they concluded, “It could be said that p11B fuelled plasma focus device is a clean and efficient source of energy.”
In Italy, Andrea Di Vita, a researcher at University of Genoa published in September, 2013 a paper in European Physical Journal analyzing LPPF’s theory of focus fusion. He does not conclude that, with his initial conditions, you can ignite pB11, but he admits his conditions are limited and is generally very favorable about further pursuing this research.
As well, there is a fourth group in Japan working on simulations, work that was first circulated in 2010 with a publication in Physics of Plasmas. In February, 2013, LPPF and the Toyama University group announced an agreement to work together on pB11 fusion.